Members Can Post Anonymously On This Site
5 min read
Life Encapsulated: Inside NASA’s Orion for Artemis II Moon Mission
Artemis II crew members, shown inside the Neil Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, stand in front of their Orion crew module on Aug. 8, 2023. From left are: Jeremy Hansen, mission specialist; Victor Glover, pilot; Reid Wiseman, commander; and Christina Hammock Koch, mission specialist. On NASA’s upcoming Artemis II mission, four astronauts will fly inside the Orion spacecraft and venture around the Moon, becoming the first to lay their eyes on our celestial neighbor at a relatively close distance in more than 50 years.
Orion will be home for NASA astronauts Reid Wiseman, Victor Glover, and Christina Koch, and Canadian Space Agency (CSA) astronaut Jeremy Hansen during their 600,000-mile, nearly 10-day journey. They will live and work in Orion’s crew module while its service module provides the essential commodities astronauts need to stay alive, including potable water and nitrogen and oxygen to breathe.
As the first time astronauts will fly aboard Orion, Artemis II will include several objectives to check out many of the spacecraft’s life support systems operating in space for the first time. The crew will provide valuable feedback for future Artemis missions to the Moon.
Artemis II crew members inspect their Orion crew module inside the high bay of the Neil A. Armstrong Operations and Checkout Building at NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida, on Aug. 7, 2023. Spacecraft Life
Orion’s cabin has a habitable volume of 330 cubic feet, giving the crew about as much living space as two minivans. After their ride to space atop NASA’s SLS (Space Launch System) rocket, the crew will stow Koch and Hansen’s seats until the day of return, giving them more room to move around during the flight. The backs of Wiseman and Glover’s seats, as commander and pilot respectively, will remain out but their foot pans will be stowed. Orion has nearly 60 percent more space than the Apollo command module’s 210 cubic feet.
A view of the interior of the Orion spacecraft medium-fidelity mockup used for astronaut training and systems familiarization at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston. What’s on the Menu?
Food scientists in the Space Food Systems Laboratory at the agency’s Johnson Space Center in Houston are working with the crew to pre-select their meals long before departing Earth. While they won’t have the day-to-day options that a space station crew has during their expeditions, the Artemis II astronauts will have a set menu based on their personal preferences and nutritional needs. Orion is outfitted with a water dispenser and food warmer to rehydrate and heat food, and the crew will have dedicated meal times in their schedule to refuel.
Artemis II crew members undergo food testing in the Space Food Systems Laboratory at NASA’s Johnson Space Center, where they rate and choose foods that they want to bring with them on their journey around the Moon.NASA/James Blair Fit for Flight
Each astronaut will dedicate 30 minutes daily to exercise, minimizing the muscle and bone loss that occurs without gravity. Orion is equipped with a flywheel, a small device installed directly below the side hatch used to enter and exit Orion and will conveniently be used as a step when the crew get inside Orion on launch day. The flywheel is a simple cable-based device for aerobic exercises like rowing and resistance workouts like squats and deadlifts. It works like a yo-yo, giving astronauts as much load as they put into it, maxing out at 400 pounds.
On the International Space Station, astronauts have several exercise machines that collectively weigh more than 4,000 pounds and occupy about 850 cubic feet. While effective for space station crew members, Orion’s exercise equipment must accommodate more stringent mass and volume constraints. The flywheel weighs approximately 30 pounds and is slightly smaller than a carry-on suitcase.
The Artemis II crew will exercise on Orion using a flywheel, a simple cable-based device for aerobic exercises like rowing and resistance workouts like squats and deadlifts. It works like a yo-yo, giving astronauts as much load as they put into it, maxing out at 400 pounds.
Keeping it Clean
The hygiene bay includes doors for privacy, a toilet, and space for the crew to bring in their personal hygiene kits. The kits typically include items like a hairbrush, toothbrush and toothpaste, soap, and shaving supplies. Astronauts can’t shower in space but use liquid soap, water, and rinseless shampoo to remain clean.
When nature inevitably comes calling, crew members will use Orion’s toilet, the Universal Waste Management System, a feature Apollo crews did not have. Nearly identical to a version flying on NASA’s space station, the system collects urine and feces separately. Urine will be vented overboard while feces are collected in a can and safely stowed for disposal upon return.
Should the toilet malfunction, the crew will be able to use collapsible contingency urinals, a system that collects urine in a bag and interfaces with the venting system to send the urine overboard. With two different styles designed to accommodate both females and males, the bags hold about a liter of urine each. Should the UWMS fail, the crew will still use the toilet for fecal collection, only without the fan that helps with fecal separation.
A team member at Johnson Space Center in Houston demonstrates lifting the urine hose of the Universal Waste Management System out of its cradled position like a crew member would for use. A funnel (not shown) is attached to the open end of this hose and can then be easily replaced or removed for disinfection. Medical Care
In case of minor medical needs during the mission, Orion will have a medical kit on board that includes everything from basic first aid items to diagnostic tools, such as a stethoscope and an electrocardiogram, that can be used to provide data to physicians on the ground. The crew will also have regular private medical conferences with flight surgeons in mission control to discuss their health and well-being.
Catching Some Shuteye
With a jam-packed schedule, the Artemis II crew will have a full eight hours of sleep built into their schedule to ensure they’re well rested and can make the most of their mission. For most of the mission, all four crew will sleep at the same time, attaching sleeping bags to Orion’s walls for some shuteye.
Artemis II crew sleeping bag configurations are tested in the Orion spacecraft medium-fidelity mockup at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, used for astronaut training and systems familiarization. Keeping in Touch
Inside Orion, the astronauts will use a handheld microphone and speaker or wear a headset to communicate with mission controllers, conduct medical checks with flight physicians, and catch up with their families. The crew will also have tablets and laptops they can use to review procedures and load entertainment onto before launch.
Artemis II will confirm all Orion’s systems operate as designed with crew aboard in the actual environment of deep space. The mission will pave the way for future lunar surface missions, including by the first woman and first person of color, establishing long-term lunar science and exploration capabilities, and inspire the next generation of explorers – The Artemis Generation.
About the Author
Last Updated Sep 29, 2023 Related Terms
Artemis Artemis 2 Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle Orion Program Explore More
2 min read Artemis II SLS Rocket Booster Segments Arrive to Kennedy Space Center
The 10 booster motor segments for NASA’s SLS (Space Launch System) rocket that will help…
Article 4 days ago 3 min read New NASA Report Looks at Societal Considerations for Artemis
Article 1 week ago 6 min read NASA Kennedy Ready for Artemis II Moon Mission Ground Systems Testing
Article 2 weeks ago Keep Exploring Discover More Topics From NASA
Humans in Space
View the full article
Secret underground alien base hold the answers to the vanishing of 20,000 people in the Alaska Triangle?By USH
The Alaska Triangle, a remote and sparsely populated area, located between Juneau, Anchorage, and Barrow, is known for its disproportionately high number of unsolved missing person cases, surpassing any other place on Earth. Over the past half-century, more than 20,000 individuals have mysteriously vanished without a trace leaving a haunting question mark hanging over the Alaskan wilderness.
Adding to the intrigue are the reports of mysterious UFO sightings, Bigfoot encounters and other paranormal activity making the Alaska Triangle a hotspot of unexplained phenomena.
Some theorists believe that the Alaska Triangle conceals a electromagnetic anomaly, such as a vortex, which may have an affect on the physical realm. This magnetic mystery has given rise to speculation linking these phenomena to the vanishing acts of so many people.
The discovery of three secret extraterrestrial underground bases by a Defense Intelligence Agency analyst years ago could possibly be an answer to the many reports of unidentified objects flying through the skies without making any noise.
One such a base is purportedly located beneath Alaska's Mount Hayes, the highest peak in the state's eastern range. Its remote and inaccessible location raises questions about whether such an extraterrestrial underground base might be connected to the many UFO sightings and other strange occurrences including the inexplicable vanishing of so many people that have persisted in the area for decades.
Among the most haunting mysteries is the loss of 44 military personnel aboard a Douglas C-54 Skymaster en route from Alaska to Montana. Despite one of the most extensive joint search and rescue missions ever conducted by Canadian and American authorities, not a trace of the aircraft has ever been recovered.
Yet, another mystery is the disappearance of Congressman Hale Boggs in 1972. His aircraft inexplicably vanished from radar while traversing the Triangle's airspace. Despite extensive search and rescue efforts, neither wreckage nor survivors were ever found.
Photographer caught disk-shaped UFO outside Anchorage, Alaska.
With all the unexplained events and strange sightings happened over the years, it raises a tantalizing question: Could there be a connection to extraterrestrials entities harboring a secret underground base beneath Alaska's Mount Hayes and could these entities hold the answers to the disappearances of over 20,000 individuals, who have vanished without a trace, along with the two aircraft and their passengers and crew? View the full article
00.00: Introduction At the onset of this exploration, we delve into intriguing cases from around the globe that have baffled and mystified many. Join us as we embark on a journey through enigmatic encounters and perplexing mysteries.
01.53: Case 1 - Varginha, Brazil - "Moment of Contact" Unravel the secrets surrounding the "Moment of Contact" trailer. A story that has captivated the imaginations of many, this case presents a series of events that defy explanation.
10.22: Case 2 - Peru - The Mysterious Tale of "Buried in Stone" by Jonathan Weygandt Uncover the mystifying narrative of "Buried in Stone" by Jonathan Weygandt. This tale unfolds like an enigmatic tapestry, weaving together the inexplicable and the otherworldly.
17.00: Case 3 - Craft leaking weird liquid An unusual encounter involving a mysterious craft oozing an inexplicable liquid. We dissect this puzzling phenomenon that challenges the boundaries of scientific understanding.
24.45: Case 4 - Taken by guys in "Black Cammies" Accounts of individuals who claim to have been taken by enigmatic figures clad in "Black Cammies." The mysterious motives behind these encounters remain shrouded in darkness.
31.54: Case 5 - The floating Octagon in Indonesia The mystery of the Floating Octagon in Indonesia. This unexplained anomaly continues to confound and intrigue, defying conventional understanding.
40.00: Case 6 -Taken by guys in "Black Camos" What at first glance appeared to be a friendly plane that crashed turned out not to be a friendly plane. It was actually an amazing, unidentified flying object that carried itself into the side of a granite mountain.
47.48: Case 7 - What was in the boxes?What lay concealed within the enigmatic boxes. The contents of these containers remain a source of fascination and intrigue, beckoning us to uncover their secrets.
View the full article
By European Space Agency
Following the devastating earthquake that struck Morocco on 8 September, satellite data have been made available through the International Charter ‘Space and Major Disasters’ to help emergency response teams on the ground.
In addition, radar measurements from Europe’s Copernicus Sentinel-1 satellite mission are being used to analyse how the ground has shifted as a result of the quake, which will not only help in planning the eventual reconstruction but will also further scientific research.
View the full article
By European Space Agency
Registration is now open for this year’s annual ESA Open Day in the Netherlands for people with a disability, which will take place on Saturday 7 October, at the Agency’s ESTEC technical centre in Noordwijk.
View the full article
Check out these Videos