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By European Space Agency
Video: 00:00:56 Did you know, the Northern lights or Aurora Borealis are created when the mythical Finnish ‘Firefox’ runs so quickly across the snow that its tail causes sparks to fly into the night sky? At least, that’s one of the stories that has been told in Finland about this beautiful phenomenon. Another that we love comes from the Sámi people of Finnish Lapland (among others), who describe them as plumes of water ejected by whales.
What do they look like, to you?
Today’s scientific explanation for the origin of the Aurora wasn’t thought up until the 20th Century, by the Norwegian scientist Kristian Birkeland. Charged particles, electrons and protons, are constantly emitted by the Sun, making up the solar wind. This wind slams into Earth’s ionosphere – sometimes sped up to vast speeds by solar storms – and the charged particles are deflected towards the poles by the magnetosphere.
Molecules in our atmosphere then absorb energy from these charged particles from the Sun, and re-release it in their own unique set of colours. Oxygen produces green, but at high altitudes can create red, nitrogen creates blues, and colours can overlap creating purple. Waves, twists and streams are caused by variations in Earth’s magnetic fields.
This striking video shows the Aurora over Kiruna, the northernmost city in Sweden. It’s composed of images taken by the Kiruna all-sky camera every minute for about ten hours over 18-19 September 2023.
The all-sky auroral camera is operated by the Kiruna Atmospheric and Geophysical Observatory (KAGO) within the Swedish Institute of Space Physics (IRF), and data from here is provided as part of ESA’s network of space weather services within the Agency’s Space Safety Programme.
Recently, a sequence of multiple coronal mass ejections – large, sudden ejections of plasma and magnetic field from the Sun – struck Earth and we are still recovering from the passage of the last one. The fastest was travelling at around 700 km/s, considered a small event.
The Sun is getting close to its time of peak solar activity – predicted for 2024/2025 – in its current 11-year cycle, Solar Cycle 25. Solar storms are causing an increase in geomagnetic activity; temporary disturbances in Earth’s magnetosphere, which has led to increased light shows at Earth’s poles.
A modern interpretation of the meaning of the Aurora could focus on Earth’s remarkable way of protecting life, so far, the only life we know of in the Universe. The colours of the Aurora reveal the normally invisible complex molecular soup in just the right composition for life to thrive. Those molecules form our atmosphere, a thin shield against electromagnetic radiation and even the small asteroids that constantly bombard our home.
The shapes of the Aurora tell the story of the usually invisible protective magnetic field, holding back dangerous elements from reaching us on the ground, like charged particles from the Sun. It also pulls every compass needle north, helping us navigate stormy seas.
While humans on Earth are protected by Earth’s magnetic field, space weather can have an extreme and disruptive impact on satellites in orbit and infrastructure on Earth, and ultimately our society. For this reason, ESA’s Space Weather Service Network continues to monitor our star and the conditions around Earth, to provide information to keep our systems safe.
In 2030, ESA will launch the first-of-its-kind Vigil mission to monitor the Sun from a unique vantage point. Studying our star from the side, it will provide a stream of data that will warn of potentially hazardous regions before they roll into view from Earth.
Find out more about space weather and sign up for free updates from ESA’s Space Weather Service Network.
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Recently the All-Domain Anomaly Resolution Office (AARO) came out with a map depicting UAP hotspots. While the idea for such a map is laudable, the AARO data does not provide anywhere near a sufficient amount of data to make any such determination.
Something completely left out of the public discussion of the UFO phenomenon and remain largely unconfirmed by official government sources are the objects that are consistently observed beneath the surface of oceans, lakes, and other bodies of water, displaying behavior or characteristics that defy conventional explanation.
These objects called USOs are similar to UFOs: USOs are often likened to UFOs in that they are typically objects that move through the water with great speed, agility, or in ways not consistent with known human-made technology. They are frequently reported as glowing or emitting strange lights when observed underwater.
Theories about the origin and nature of USOs vary widely. Some speculate that they are extraterrestrial in origin, possibly indicating the presence of underwater alien bases. Others propose it is secret military technology.
USOs have been reported in oceans around the world, but some regions, like the Bermuda Triangle in the Atlantic Ocean and the Puerto Rico Trench, have had a higher frequency of USO sightings, however, when studying the phenomenon of Unidentified Submersible Objects we are developing some genuine data and we see that one obvious hotspot of USO activity, perhaps the leading spot in the world, is the Puerto Rico area / The Caribbean.
In the next video, historian Richard Dolan discusses several cases from the region.
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A puzzling discovery has been made near the Aquarius constellation: an unidentified anomaly resembling a space station has come into view.
The strange object observed on Google Sky by YouTube channel RapiTV measures approximately 300 by 100 by 60 meters.
The anomaly exhibits a rectilinear composition affixed to an underlying framework, while two possible towers can be see on top of this rectilinear structure.
It is difficult to find out the true nature of the anomaly, but because of its clear rectilinear configuration what sets it apart from conventional celestial bodies we may wonder whether it is indeed a space station or craft controlled by human or non-humans.
Link coordinates: 20h57m59.91s -13°46'10.26"View the full article
An orb what looks like some form of energy appears from behind the trees, hits the roof of a house, whereupon the orb then burst into a bright green color before bouncing off of the roof into space at a very high rate of speed.
As MrMBB333 states: I don't think it was any type of a bird, as we see no wings flapping, besides, I don't know how a bird could have burst into a bright green color like it did right there when it made contact with the roof and then it remained illuminated as it took off into the nighttime sky.
What could this mysterious object have been? Something supernatural, a natural phenomenon or could it have been an alien probe under intelligent control? Orbs, spheres, it is a phenomenon that is not yet understood.
Location: Garrison New York - July 26, 2023 at 9.33 pm.
Take a look at the rare orb footage, which starts at about the 8.09 minutes in the video.
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A few days ago, on Wednesday night around 10:09 p.m. the backyard security camera of a Kingsburg resident captured a weird looking object, what the resident described as an unusual strange light that started zigging and zagging on its trajectory.
The cam owner wonders if it could be aliens or something else, but some viewers have suggested that it might be a digital artifact, a glitch in the camera or recording process that creates the optical illusion of an object with unusual characteristics, though not everyone is convinced it may have been a camera glitch.
The sighting in Kingsburg California is indeed quite intriguing due to the unique appearance of the object, with a glowing front and what seems like an aura. The mystery deepens as much of the anomaly is shrouded by what appears to resemble a dark plasma cloud.
It is hard to explain what the object could have been, maybe a UFO or otherworld entity? But as the cam owner said: "It's something, something different that I've ever seen."
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