Jump to content

La presentación del X-59 de la NASA personifica la tradición aeronáutica


NASA

Recommended Posts

  • Publishers
6 Min Read

La presentación del X-59 de la NASA personifica la tradición aeronáutica

Artist’s concept of the X-59
Concepto artístico del silencioso avión supersónico X-59. La pieza central de la misión Questt de la NASA, la agencia y Lockheed Martin presentarán oficialmente al mundo el totalmente terminado y recientemente pintado avion X-59, durante una ceremonia que tendrá lugar el viernes 12 de enero a las 4 de la tarde, hora del Este.
Credits: NASA

Lee esta historia en inglés aquí.

El avión X-59 de la NASA está saliendo del hangar–preparándose para embarcarse en la primera fase de su misión de volar más rápido que la velocidad del sonido sin generar un fuerte estampido sónico.

Los directivos de la NASA y el contratista principal Lockheed Martin,  presentarán oficialmente al mundo el totalmente terminado y recientemente pintado avion X-59, durante una ceremonia que tendrá lugar el viernes 12 de enero a las 4 de la tarde, hora del Este. Este evento será transmitido en directo por NASA TV desde las instalaciones Skunk Works de Lockheed Martin en Palmdale, California, donde este avión fue ensamblado.

“Esta es la gran revelación”, declaró Catherine Bahm, directora del proyecto Low Boom Flight Demonstrator de la NASA, que supervisa el desarrollo y la construcción del X-59. “La presentación es un gran logro hacia el objetivo general de la misión Quesst de reducir el estampido sónico”.

Quesst es la misión de la NASA a través de la cual el X-59 demostrará sus capacidades supersónicas silenciosas. La NASA volará la aeronave sobre comunidades estadounidenses seleccionadas y después estudiará lo que la gente sobre tierra firme escucha. La agencia compartirá la información de estas reacciones a los “golpes” sónicos más silenciosos con los organismos reguladores, que podrían considerar las normas que actualmente prohíben los vuelos supersónicos comerciales sobre tierra firme por motivos de ruido.

Tradición de la presentación

¿Qué es la presentación de una aeronave? ¿Y por qué es importante para la NASA, el sector industrial y el equipo de innovadores en la aeronáutica que construyeron el X-59?

Concebir, diseñar, construír y probar una nueva aeronave conlleva años de trabajo detallado y meticuloso. Cada diseño nuevo contribuye a innovar una nueva forma de volar– especialmente en el caso de los X-Planes, que tienen la misión de continuar sobrepasando los límites de lo posible. 

La presentación del X-59 al mundo no solamente representa los logros técnicos del avión, sino también el futuro del vuelo y el espíritu de la investigación en la aeronáutica.

Para el equipo, algunos de los cuales han trabajado en el avión desde que se creó el primer componente, la presentación del X-59 será un momento muy especial.

CATHERINE BAHM

CATHERINE BAHM

NASA Project Manager

En el pasado, las aeronaves y naves espaciales construidas y utilizadas por la NASA han tenido ceremonias de presentación de diverso alcance y significado.

Por ejemplo, en 1959, el X-15, que fue el primer avión propulsado por cohete, despegó ante una audiencia que incluía a los líderes del proyecto, los pilotos de la aeronave y al Vice presidente Richard Nixon. El avión representaba el futuro de los vuelos espaciales hipersónicos y con alas. Llevó por primera vez a pilotos estadounidenses al espacio a bordo de un vehículo con alas y estableció el récord de velocidad más rápida alcanzada por un humano en un avión, récord que sigue vigente hoy en día. 

Crowds gather to admire the first X-15 after its rollout from the North American Aviation plant
Multitudes se reúnen el 15 de octubre de 1958 para admirar el primer avión cohete X-15 después de su lanzamiento desde la planta de North American Aviation en Los Ángeles. Uno de los aviones más históricos de la NASA, voló 199 misiones entre 1959 y 1968 durante un programa que incluía a la NASA, la Fuerza Aérea de los EE. UU. y la Marina de los EE. UU.

Otra presentación famosa de la NASA fue el del transbordador espacial Enterprise en 1976, con la presencia del reparto de Star Trek: la serie original y del creador de la serie, Gene Roddenberry. El Enterprise, llamado así por la nave ficticia de la serie de televisión de los años 60, demostró que el transbordador orbital podía descender y aterrizar como un avión tras su reentrada del espacio. El vehículo marcó el camino para que el Programa del Transbordador Espacial continuara con los vuelos espaciales.

enterprise_rollout_at_palmdale_w_star_trek_crew_sep_17_1976
Funcionarios de la NASA y representantes del programa de televisión Star Trek, incluido el creador Gene Roddenberry, estuvieron presentes en el lanzamiento de Enterprise desde su fábrica de Rockwell en Palmdale, California, el 17 de septiembre de 1976.
NASA

Culminación de los esfuerzos

En el caso del X-59, la ceremonia de presentación permite vislumbrar una posible nueva era de vuelos comerciales de alta velocidad y silenciosos sobre tierra.

Hace cincuenta años, Estados Unidos prohibió los vuelos supersónicos comerciales sobre tierra debido a la preocupación por el ruido generado por los estampidos sónicos. Sin embargo hoy en día la tecnología de Quesst podría reducir drásticamente este ruido. El objetivo de la misión es recopilar datos del X-59 que podrían ayudar a los reguladores a ajustar la prohibición, considerando los niveles de ruido en lugar de la velocidad.

“La idea de levantar la prohibición de los vuelos supersónicos sobre tierra firme es realmente emocionante”, comenta Bahm. “Y ése es el futuro que podría habilitar el X-59”.

Mire este lapso de tiempo del ensamblaje del X-59 tal como ocurrió entre mayo de 2019 y junio de 2021 dentro de la fábrica Skunk Works de Lockheed Martin en Palmdale, California.

El lanzamiento también representa algo más cercano al suelo–el logro del equipo trabajador y dedicado que llevó el avión de la imaginación a la realidad. Para ellos, el lanzamiento celebra las semanas, meses y años dedicados al desarrollo y construcción del X-59.

“Para el equipo, algunos de los cuales han trabajado en el avión desde que se creó el primer componente, la presentación del X-59 será un momento muy especial.”comentó Bahm. “El diseño innovador del X-59 aprovecha décadas de trabajo para la NASA. Compartimos este logro con todos los que lo han hecho posible”.

Una vez completado el ensamblaje, la misión de la NASA de silenciar el estampido sónico alcanzará un nuevo capítulo. Aunque todavía queda camino por recorrer, el futuro potencial de los viajes supersónicos comerciales está más cerca que antes. El equipo de la misión Quesst continuará ahora las pruebas en tierra firme antes del primer vuelo a finales de este año.

“El lanzamiento es un gran logro, pero también significa que el siguiente logro es el primer vuelo, y después los vuelos supersónicos”, comentó Bahm. “Nuestros ojos están puestos en la misión”.

A Boeing 747 Jumbo Jet is seen in a hangar with 26 flight attendants representing 26 airliner standing in front of the airplane.
El 30 de septiembre de 1968 tuvo lugar una ceremonia de lanzamiento memorable en la historia de la aviación, cuando el primer Boeing 747 hizo su debut público en la planta de ensamblaje de la compañía en Everett, cerca de Seattle. Para conmemorar el evento, asistieron a la ceremonia azafatas en representación de cada una de las 26 aerolíneas que habían comprado un avión 747.
Boeing

Artículo Traducido por: Elena Aguirre y Monica Uribe

About the Author

John Gould

John Gould

Aeronautics Research Misson Directorate

Share

Details

Last Updated
Jan 09, 2024
Editor
Lillian Gipson

View the full article

Link to comment
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Paste as plain text instead

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

  • Similar Topics

    • By NASA
      Artist’s concept of the Earth drawn from data from multiple satellite missions and created by a team of NASA scientists and graphic artists. Credit: NASA Images By Reto Stöckli, Based On Data From NASA And NOAA NASA joined more than 20 federal agencies in releasing its updated Climate Adaptation Plan Thursday, helping expand the Biden-Harris Administration’s efforts to make federal operations increasingly resilient to the impacts of climate change for the benefit of all.
      The updated plans advance the administration’s National Climate Resilience Framework, which helps align climate resilience investments across the public and private sectors through common principles and opportunities.
      “Thanks to the leadership of the Biden-Harris Administration, we are strengthening climate resilience to ensure humanity is well-prepared for the effects of climate change,” said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. “NASA’s decades of Earth observation are key to building climate resiliency and sustainability across the country and the world.”
      NASA serves as a global leader in Earth science, providing researchers with crucial data from its satellites and other assets, as well as other observations and research on the climate system. The agency also works to apply that knowledge and inform the public about climate change. NASA will continue to prioritize these efforts and maintain an open information policy that makes its science data, software, and research freely available to all.
      Climate variability and change also have potential impacts on NASA’s ability to fulfill its mission, requiring proactive planning and action from the agency. To ensure coastal flooding, extreme weather events, and other climate change impacts do not stop the agency’s work, NASA is improving its climate hazard analyses and developing plans to protect key resources and facilities.  
      “As communities face extreme heat, natural disasters and severe weather from the impacts of climate change, President Biden is delivering record resources to build climate resilience across the country,” said Brenda Mallory, chair of the White House Council on Environmental Quality. “Through his Investing in America agenda and an all-of-government approach to tackling the climate crisis, the Biden-Harris Administration is delivering more than $50 billion to help communities increase their resilience and bolster protections for those who need it most. By updating our own adaptation strategies, the federal government is leading by example to build a more resilient future for all.”
      At the beginning of his administration, President Biden tasked federal agencies with leading whole-of-government efforts to address climate change through Executive Order 14008, Tackling the Climate Crisis at Home and Abroad. Following the magnitude of challenges posed by the climate crisis underscored last year when the nation endured a record 28 individual billion-dollar extreme weather and climate disasters that caused more than $90 billion in aggregate damage, NASA continues to be a leader and partner in adaptation and resilience.
      NASA released its initial Climate Adaptation Plan in 2021 and progress reports outlining advancements toward achieving their adaptation goals in 2022. In coordination with the White House Council on Environmental Quality and the Office of Management and Budget, agencies updated their Climate Adaptation Plans for 2024 to 2027 to better integrate climate risk across their mission, operations, and asset management, including:
      Combining historical data and projections to assess exposure of assets to climate-related hazards including extreme heat and precipitation, sea level rise, flooding, and wildfire. Expanding the operational focus on managing climate risk to facilities and supply chains to include federal employees and federal lands and waters. Broadening the mission focus to describe mainstreaming adaptation into agency policies, programs, planning, budget formulation, and external funding. Linking climate adaptation actions with other Biden-Harris Administration priorities, including advancing environmental justice and the President’s Justice40 Initiative, strengthening engagement with Tribal Nations, supporting the America the Beautiful initiative, scaling up nature-based solutions, and addressing the causes of climate change through climate mitigation. Adopting common progress indicators across agencies to assess the progress of agency climate adaptation efforts. All plans from each of the more than 20 agencies and more information are available online.
      To learn more about Earth science research at NASA, visit:
      https://science.nasa.gov/earth-science//
      -end-
      Rob Margetta
      Headquarters, Washington 
      202-358-0918
      robert.j.margetta@nasa.gov
      View the full article
    • By NASA
      Representatives from NASA, FEMA, and the planetary defense community participate in the 5th Planetary Defense Interagency Tabletop Exercise to inform and assess our ability as a nation to respond effectively to the threat of a potentially hazardous asteroid or comet.Credits: NASA/JHU-APL/Ed Whitman For the benefit of all, NASA released a summary Thursday of the fifth biennial Planetary Defense Interagency Tabletop Exercise. NASA’s Planetary Defense Coordination Office, in partnership with FEMA (Federal Emergency Management Agency) and with the assistance of the U.S. Department of State Office of Space Affairs, convened the tabletop exercise to inform and assess our ability as a nation to respond effectively to the threat of a potentially hazardous asteroid or comet.
      Although there are no known significant asteroid impact threats for the foreseeable future, hypothetical exercises provide valuable insights by exploring the risks, response options, and opportunities for collaboration posed by varying scenarios, from minor regional damage with little warning to potential global catastrophes predicted years or even decades in the future.
      “The uncertainties in these initial conditions for the exercise allowed participants to consider a particularly challenging set of circumstances,” said Lindley Johnson, planetary defense officer emeritus NASA Headquarters in Washington. “A large asteroid impact is potentially the only natural disaster humanity has the technology to predict years in advance and take action to prevent.”
      During the exercise, participants considered potential national and global responses to a hypothetical scenario in which a never-before-detected asteroid was identified that had, according to initial calculations, a 72% chance of hitting Earth in approximately 14 years. The preliminary observations described in the exercise, however, were not sufficient to precisely determine the asteroid’s size, composition, and long-term trajectory. To complicate this year’s hypothetical scenario, essential follow-up observations would have to be delayed for at least seven months – a critical loss of time – as the asteroid passed behind the Sun as seen from Earth’s vantage point in space.
      Conducting exercises enable government stakeholders to identify and resolve potential issues as part of preparation for any real-world situation. It was held in April at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, and brought together nearly 100 representatives from across U.S. government agencies and, for the first time, international collaborators on planetary defense.
      “Our mission is helping people before, during, and after disasters,” said Leviticus “L.A.” Lewis, FEMA detailee to NASA’s Planetary Defense Coordination Office. “We work across the country every day before disasters happen to help people and communities understand and prepare for possible risks. In the event of a potential asteroid impact, FEMA would be a leading player in interagency coordination.” 
      This exercise was the first to use data from NASA’s DART (Double Asteroid Redirection Test) mission, the first in-space demonstration of a technology for defending Earth against potential asteroid impacts. The DART spacecraft, which impacted the asteroid moonlet Dimorphos on Sept. 26, 2022, confirmed a kinetic impactor could change the trajectory of an asteroid. Applying this or any type of technology to an actual impact threat would require many years of advance planning.
      To help ensure humanity will have the time needed to evaluate and respond to a potentially hazardous asteroid or comet, NASA continues the development of its NEO Surveyor (Near-Earth Object Surveyor), an infrared space telescope designed specifically to expedite our ability to discover and characterize most of the potentially hazardous near-Earth objects many years before they could become an impact threat. The agency’s NEO Surveyor’s proposed launch date is set for June 2028.
      NASA will publish a complete after-action report for the tabletop exercise later, which will include strengths and gaps identified from analysis of the response, other discussions during the exercise, and recommendations for improvement.
      “These outcomes will help to shape future exercises and studies to ensure NASA and other government agencies continue improving planetary defense preparedness,” said Johnson.
      NASA established the Planetary Defense Coordination Office in 2016 to manage the agency’s ongoing planetary-defense efforts. Johns Hopkins APL managed the DART mission for NASA as a project of the agency’s Planetary Missions Program Office.
      To learn more about planetary defense at NASA, visit:
      https://science.nasa.gov/planetary-defense/
      -end-
      Charles Blue / Karen Fox
      Headquarters, Washington 
      202-802-5345 / 202-358-1600
      charles.e.blue@nasa.gov / karen.fox@nasa.gov
      Share
      Details
      Last Updated Jun 20, 2024 LocationNASA Headquarters Related Terms
      Planetary Defense Coordination Office DART (Double Asteroid Redirection Test) NEO Surveyor (Near-Earth Object Surveyor Space Telescope) Planetary Science Division Science & Research Science Mission Directorate View the full article
    • By NASA
      To celebrate the 21st anniversary of the Hubble Space Telescope’s deployment into space, astronomers at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Md., pointed Hubble’s eye at an especially photogenic pair of interacting galaxies called Arp 273. The larger of the spiral galaxies, known as UGC 1810, has a disk that is distorted into a rose-like shape by the gravitational tidal pull of the companion galaxy below it, known as UGC 1813. This image is a composite of Hubble Wide Field Camera 3 data taken on December 17, 2010, with three separate filters that allow a broad range of wavelengths covering the ultraviolet, blue, and red portions of the spectrum.
      View the full article
    • By NASA
      1 min read
      Preparations for Next Moonwalk Simulations Underway (and Underwater)
      Downtown Huntsville Inc. Media are invited to attend a celebration of space and the Rocket City during NASA in the Park on Saturday, June 22, 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. CDT at Big Spring Park East in Huntsville, Alabama.
      NASA and partners will pack the park with exhibits, music, food vendors, and hands-on activities for all ages. This event is free and open to the public.
      Joseph Pelfrey, director of NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center, and local leaders will kick off the program of activities at 10:15 a.m. at the central stage on the south side of the park.
      Pelfrey and other NASA team members will be available to speak with reporters between 10:30 and 11 a.m. near the stage.
      Reporters interested in interviews should contact Molly Porter, molly.a.porter@nasa.gov or 256-424-5158.
      For more information about Marshall, visit:
      https://www.nasa.gov/marshall
      Molly Porter
      Marshall Space Flight Center
      256-424-5158
      molly.a.porter@nasa.gov
      Share
      Details
      Last Updated Jun 20, 2024 LocationMarshall Space Flight Center Related Terms
      Marshall Space Flight Center Explore More
      20 min read The Marshall Star for June 18, 2024
      Article 2 days ago 4 min read NASA Announces Winners of 2024 Student Launch Competition
      Article 6 days ago 4 min read NASA Announces New System to Aid Disaster Response
      In early May, widespread flooding and landslides occurred in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande…
      Article 7 days ago Keep Exploring Discover Related Topics
      Missions
      Humans in Space
      Climate Change
      Solar System
      View the full article
    • By NASA
      Augmented reality tools have helped technicians improve accuracy and save time on fit checks for the Roman Space Telescope being assembled at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. In one instance, manipulating a digital model of Roman’s propulsion system into the real telescope structure revealed the planned design would not fit around existing wiring. The finding helped avoid a need to rebuild any components. The R&D team at Goddard working on this AR project suggests broader adoption in the future could potentially save weeks of construction time and hundreds of thousands of dollars. In this photograph from Feb. 29, 2024, at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md., the Roman Space Telescope’s propulsion system is positioned by engineers and technicians under the spacecraft bus. Engineers used augmented reality tools to prepare for the assembly.NASA/Chris Gunn Technicians armed with advanced measuring equipment, augmented reality headsets, and QR codes virtually checked the fit of some Roman Space Telescope structures before building or moving them through facilities at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland.
      “We’ve been able to place sensors, mounting interfaces, and other spacecraft hardware in 3D space faster and more accurately than previous techniques,” said NASA Goddard engineer Ron Glenn. “That could be a huge benefit to any program’s cost and schedule.” 
      Projecting digital models onto the real world allows the technicians to align parts and look for potential interference among them. The AR heads-up display also enables precise positioning of flight hardware for assembly with accuracy down to thousandths of an inch.
      Engineers wearing augmented reality headsets test the placement of a scaffolding design before it is built to ensure accurate fit in the largest clean room at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md.NASA Using NASA’s Internal Research and Development program, Glenn said his team keeps finding new ways to improve how NASA builds spacecraft with AR technology in a project aiding Roman’s construction at NASA Goddard. 
      Glenn said the team has achieved far more than they originally sought to prove. “The original project goal was to develop enhanced assembly solutions utilizing AR and find out if we could eliminate costly fabrication time,” he said. “We found the team could do so much more.”
      For instance, engineers using a robotic arm for precision measuring and 3D laser scanning mapped Roman’s complex wiring harness and the volume within the spacecraft structure.  
      “Manipulating the virtual model of Roman’s propulsion assembly into that frame, we found places where it interfered with the existing wiring harness, team engineer Eric Brune said. “Adjusting the propulsion assembly before building it allowed the mission to avoid costly and time-consuming delays.”
      Roman’s propulsion system was successfully integrated earlier this year.
      The Roman Space Telescope is a NASA mission designed to explore dark energy, exoplanets, and infrared astrophysics.
      Equipped with a powerful telescope and advanced instruments, it aims to unravel mysteries of the universe and expand our understanding of cosmic phenomena. Roman is scheduled to launch by May 2027.
      Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center
      Download this video in HD formats from NASA Goddard’s Scientific Visualization Studio Considering the time it takes to design, build, move, redesign, and rebuild, Brune added, their work saved many workdays by multiple engineers and technicians.
      “We have identified many additional benefits to these combinations of technologies,” team engineer Aaron Sanford said. “Partners at other locations can collaborate directly through the technicians’ point of view. Using QR codes for metadata storage and document transfer adds another layer of efficiency, enabling quick access to relevant information right at your fingertips. Developing AR techniques for reverse engineering and advanced structures opens many possibilities such as training and documentation.” 
      The technologies allow 3D designs of parts and assemblies to be shared or virtually handed off from remote locations. They also enable dry runs of moving and installing structures as well as help capture precise measurements after parts are built to compare to their designs. 
      Adding a precision laser tracker to the mix can also eliminate the need to create elaborate physical templates to ensure components are accurately mounted in precise positions and orientations, Sanford said. Even details such as whether a technician can physically extend an arm inside a structure to turn a bolt or manipulate a part can be worked out in augmented reality before construction. 
      During construction, an engineer wearing a headset can reference vital information, like the torque specifications for individual bolts, using a hand gesture. In fact, the engineer could achieve this without having to pause and find the information on another device or in paper documents.  
      In the future, the team hopes to help integrate various components, conduct inspections, and document final construction. Sanford said, “it’s a cultural shift. It takes time to adopt these new tools.”  
      “It will help us rapidly produce spacecraft and instruments, saving weeks and potentially hundreds of thousands of dollars,” Glenn said. “That allows us to return resources to the agency to develop new missions.” 
      This project is part of NASA’s Center Innovation Fund portfolio for fiscal year 2024 at Goddard. The Center Innovation Fund, within the agency’s Space Technology Mission Directorate, stimulates and encourages creativity and innovation at NASA centers while addressing the technology needs of NASA and the nation.
      To learn more, visit: https://www.nasa.gov/center-innovation-fund/
      By Karl B. Hille
      NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, Md.
      Facebook logo @NASAGoddard@NASA_Technology @NASAGoddard@NASA_Technology Instagram logo @NASAGoddard Share
      Details
      Last Updated Jun 20, 2024 EditorRob GarnerContactRob Garnerrob.garner@nasa.govLocationGoddard Space Flight Center Related Terms
      Goddard Technology Goddard Space Flight Center Space Technology Mission Directorate Technology View the full article
  • Check out these Videos

×
×
  • Create New...